Born in Spain in 1746, Francisco de Goya is considered the most important Spanish artists during the early nineteenth century. He began training in 1763 with Francisco and Ramon Bayeu y Subias. He, then, moved to Rome with the hopes of improving his work. It was around this time that he was introduced to the Spanish royal family who commissioned him to paint tapestry cartoons, which were used as models for woven tapestries. These works include The Poetry Vendor (1779). In 1779, he was appointed as a painter to the royal court and received admission to the Royal Academy of San Fernando in 1780.
He developed a reputation as an excellent portrait artist with the ability to capture the slightest details in a person’s features and clothing, as evidenced in The Duke and Duchess of Osuna and their Children (1788). In 1792, he went deaf for unknown reasons and he began to take on non-commissioned works portraying women from various backgrounds. In 1795, he became the director of the Royal Academy and began to portray the plight of the Spanish people in his paintings, such as Los Caprichos (1799). This was a series of 80 prints that displayed the repression, greed, and corruption that were out of control in the country. His later works explored suffering, death, lust, and other grievances he had with the government after it had been invaded by Bonaparte. He eventually moved to France and died in 1828.