Born in Saint-Maurice, France in 1798, Eugene Delacroix was a painter known as the “master of color” who had a tremendous impact on the Romantic Movement. He frequently used brightly colored canvases and violent images to showcase an individual or group’s pain and suffering. He trained with Baron Pierre-Narcisse Guerin and was heavily influenced by Peter Paul Reubens and Michelangelo, as well as the many places he traveled, such as Monaco, during his career. Although his style would change slightly through the years, he always utilized vibrant colors to portray great emotions, such as in Massacre at Chios (1824), which exposed the Turks murder of 20,000 Greeks on the island of Chios.
Although some critics often questioned his use of bright colors and intense subject matter, he was frequently commissioned by the government due to his talent for depicting the emotions of his subjects. He painted several public buildings including the ceiling in the Galerie d’Apollon of the Louvre in 1850. Liberty Leading the People (1830) is considered by most to be his most influential piece because it used the female form to convey the mood during France’s Revolutionary Period and highlighted the variances between the neoclassical and romantic styles.